The plan, builted by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment will map out sea-based socio-economic activities until 2035 in line with integrated management of marine resources and environment.
The plan will cover all sea areas of Việt Nam, including internal waters, the territorial sea, contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of Việt Nam, including Hoàng Sa (Paracel) and Trường Sa (Spartly) archipelagos, as defined in the Việt Nam Law on Sea and in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The plan sets out three main groups of criteria for zoning off sea areas. The first group targets the conservation of coastal ecosystems; the second focuses on economic development and the third group looks at national defence and protect sovereignty and security at sea.
Under the plan, Việt Nam’s sea comprises six zones: special use zone, coastal zone for conservation and integrated economy; coastal zone for the integrated economy in tandem with preservation; oil and gas exploitation zone; fishing zone and zone for other purposes. Each zone will be categorised with activities allowed, disallowed or restricted to reduce contradictions in using marine resources, contributing to protecting the environment and legal fishing.